Development Movement Coordination in Children and Youths in Connection with Sensitive and Critical Periods of Ontogenesis

 

Wlodzimierz Starosta¹

Prof. Dr   hab. Peter Hirtz²

Tatiana Pawlowa-Starosta¹

 

¹ International Association of Sport Kinetics, High School of Physical Education and Tourism in Białystok (Poland)

²Institute of Sport Sciences of University in Greifswald (Germany)

 

 

 

Abstract

Aim of the study was to determine the changes in the range of selected movement coordination elements subjects various age with possible disclosure of periods of marked improvement or worsening of coordination abilities. In Poland the material came from sectional studies (n = 433) and longitudinal ones (n = 23). W. Starosta’s test estimating a complex manner the various elements of movement coordination was generally used. The material collected from Germany comprised the results of sectional studies (n = 2500) and longitudinal ones (n = 130). Abilities of movement coordination in the examined persons were estimated by a comparison of 5 tests. The results disclosed the occurrence in children between the age of 7 to 11 sensitive periods in the development of movement coordination. Critical periods (stagnation or a certain regression) in the development of movement coordination occurred between the age of 11 to 13.6. More distinct changes were observed when individual result were analysed.

 

 

Key words: movement coordination abilities, sensitive period, critical period, Starosta’s global movement coordination test, sport training, selection, ontogenesis.

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